CSEAS Fellowship for Visiting Research Scholars 2023/2024 Application Closed.
Fellowship Slots and Periods
Seven fellowships, including one librarian position, will become available on the following dates:1) July 1, 2023
2) August 1, 2023
3) September 1, 2023
4) October 1, 2023
5) December 1, 2023
6) January 8, 2024
7) March 1, 2024
*CSEAS may offer a different period from the one you propose due to slot availability. In such a case, we ask for your understanding.
*You may begin your fellowship on days other than the 1st day of the indicated
Applicants must be productive scholars of high reputation under 65 years of age at the time of the fellowship appointment; those over 65 may be considered only if they are outstanding. This fellowship is not available to individuals currently pursuing graduate degrees or post-doctoral studies. Only experienced librarians are eligible to apply for the library position. Scholars who have previously held CSEAS fellowships must wait six years after the completion of their fellowships before reapplying.
Applicants must submit their applications via our online form.a) A completed online application form Online Application
Online applications must have the following documents attached separately.
Please send the files in PDF format by E-mail (firstname.lastname@example.org)
b) A curriculum vitae (must not exceed 5 pages and must include a list of all major publications)
c) A research plan for the fellowship term (Please write a concise overview of your research project for your stay at CSEAS within 2 pages. Please download and use this form. Please use double space and include paragraph descriptions.)
d) Two Recommendation Letters (Applicants must also contact their respective referees and request them to send their letters of recommendations to CSEAS via email. The letter should be written in their institution’s letterhead.)
Applications for the 2023/2024 fellowships must reach us no later than October 31, 2022. We regret that we cannot entertain individual queries or follow-ups about the results of selection by email, fax, or telephone. Applicants will be notified of their application status by the end of January 2023.
Since 1975, CSEAS has had an established visiting scholarship program to promote research activities in and on the region by distinguished scholars. To date, over 400 – many of them leading researchers in their respective fields- have availed themselves of the Center’s considerable scholarly resources to engage in path breaking, multidisciplinary research and develop comparative, historical, and global perspectives on Southeast Asia.
CSEAS hosts scholars and researchers who work on comparative and regional issues from a multi-area perspective, and are interested in spending time in Kyoto, Japan to conduct research, write, or pursue other scholarly interests in connection with their field of study. With considerable scholarly resources, CSEAS also offers the invigorating atmosphere of scenic Kyoto, the ancient capital of Japan and the main repository of the country’s cultural treasures, to enable researchers to pursue their interests in Southeast Asian area studies.
The Center’s multi-disciplinary character and the diverse research interests of our faculty offer visiting research scholars an ideal opportunity for the exchange of ideas, collaboration, and the cultivation of comparative perspectives.
Fourteen fellowships are awarded annually on a competitive basis. Fellowships are between a period of three to six-months.
Applicants are not limited to scholars: CSEAS has hosted government officials, journalists, public intellectuals, librarians, NGO workers, IT specialists, and other professionals on short-term visits.
While in Kyoto, we encourage scholars to participate in CSEAS conferences, seminars, and workshops and submit articles to the Center’s flagship journal Southeast Asian Studies, The Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia, and the CSEAS Newsletter. Fellows are expected to reside in Kyoto for the duration of their fellowship and deliver a public lecture during their term. We also encourage fellows to consider submitting manuscripts to one of our book series.
Successful applicants will receive an appropriate stipend to cover international travel and living expenses in Kyoto and research funds will be provided to facilitate work. Funds will also be allocated for domestic travel, subject to government regulations. Visiting Research Scholars are considered as employees of Kyoto University and are therefore subject to some of the University’s regulations.
Charnvit Kasetsiri (Thailand)
I was at the Kyoto Center for Southeast Asian Studies two times. The first one was for a full year in 1977 right after the 6 October 1976 coup. The second was for nine months in 2014-15, right after the 22 May 2014 coup. I was fortunate to have applied to be there well ahead of time and I must say that I did not expect the coups, especially the 2014 one, were coming. I enjoyed living and working in Kyoto, away from troublesome Bangkok and my University Thammasat.
My impression of CSEAS is that it is a good place for academic work. It has good academic staff and good library. In 1977 senior sensei like Ishii Y., Yano T., Fukui H. were around; the staff was small enough that we got to know one another well. I was amazed to find out that these Japanese scholars had good, or sometimes even better knowledge of Southeast Asia and my country Thailand. The research library was developing in such a way that by 2014, I could find books and materials for my Thai history research. One must remember that in the 1970s Japan did not have good image in Southeast Asia. Anti-Japanese feeling was running high when Premier Tanaka Kakuei visited five Southeast Asian countries in early 1974 (the Philippines, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia, January 7 to 17). Kyoto and CSEAS gave me a different image of Japan. I came to appreciate the Japanese way of life, its culture and fresh raw sashimi. On top of that, biking in Kyoto, back and forth to the Center, is beyond description.
Being attached to CSEAS I have opportunity to be more involved in cultural and academic bi-lateral exchanges with Japan and its academics, as well as multi-lateral with other Southeast Asian countries. From here I came to be familiar with the Toyota Foundation, Japan. The Foundation and CSEAS helped me cross into neighboring mainland Southeast Asia as well as the island world like Indonesia and the Philippines. Via my CSEAS Japanese friends I got to know those in Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Indonesia, etc. And my Thammasat became the first Thai university, in the year 2000, to establish a B.A. program in Southeast Asian Studies. On top of this a good number of books/translations and manuscripts on Southeast Asia in the Thai language are an outcome of my connection with CSEAS. Much thanks and appreciation. Arigatou and ookini.
Professor Emeritus, Thammasat University Former CSEAS Visiting Research Scholar
June 2014-February 2015
Resil Mojares (Philippines)
My six-month stint as a visiting fellow at the Center for Southeast Asian Studies in 2000 was a most pleasant, productive, and memorable experience-in part because the city of Kyoto offers the charm and solace perfect for a writing retreat; in part because CSEAS is a quietly supportive, stimulating haven for intellectual work. Such fellowships as I enjoyed address an important need in a region where the conditions of academic work in the scholar’s home environment often constrain the free pursuit of writing and research. By offering a fellowship that is well-endowed, flexible in its priorities, and one that is not over-managed, CSEAS offers a rare and vital service to scholarship in the region. By thus becoming a focal point for Southeast Asian scholars to come together, CSEAS nurtures the spirit of intellectual sharing, collegiality, and community.
CSEAS has created an environment perfect for this purpose: low-profile and relaxed; excellent physical facilities; a good, working library; a small but top-notch resident faculty; and (not least) an efficient, self-effacing staff. It is also rightly-sized, not too big as to depersonalize the kind of work that takes place at the Center.
People have recognized for a long time now that “Southeast Asia” is a dynamic construct that should be defined and shaped from within, and that studies pertaining to the region must have their base and center of gravity within the region itself. CSEAS is leading the way in turning these aspirations into a reality in the field of scholarship.
I consider CSEAS in Kyoto the best of the centers of its kind, whether located in or outside the region. It is sensitive to the priorities and needs of scholarship in Southeast Asia, yet not agenda-driven; collaborative and region-based not only in its aims but its practices; and respectful and supportive of what, at the heart of it all, is the individual exercise of dedicated and responsible scholarship.
Professor Resil Mojares
Emeritus, University of San Carlos, Cebu City, Philippines
Former CSEAS Visiting Research Scholar
Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao (Taiwan)
My three-month tenure as a foreign visiting scholar at the Center for Southeast Asian Studies in Kyoto University was between October 2015 to Jan 2016 and offered a very intellectually productive and culturally rich experience. I successfully completed my tasks to complete a research project proposal on the comparative study of the tripartite links between the middle class, civil society and democratization in Taiwan, South Korea, the Philippines, and Thailand. From this, at a later date, I was able to invite scholars from CSEAS and GRIPS in Japan, along with experts from Taiwan, to join two international workshops to present papers on the topic at my Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica (Taipei, Taiwan) and at GRIPS
(Tokyo, Japan) in September and December, 2016.
At present (2018) I am excited to report that all the revised workshop papers will be complied in an edited volume titled, Middle Class, Civil Society, and Democracy in Asia to be published shortly (2018 Routledge).
In retrospect, I am grateful to the CSEAS fellowship in that it offered me a calm and pleasantly intellectual environment to pursue my proposal writing and develop necessary scholarly networks to build up my research team.
Furthermore, during my stay there, I even facilitated the institutional collaboration between CSEAS-Kyoto and CSEAS-NCCU to sign a MOU to co-sponsor academic programs in the following years. I also had plenty of opportunities to attend lectures and seminars organized by CSEAS and many informal, yet stimulating discussions, with resident scholars and fellows. It was indeed a luxury to indulge myself in such a free spirit exchange with first rate academics in CSEAS.
My wife also greatly benefited by accompanying me to visit CSEAS. She was graciously invited to hold an art exhibition to celebrate CSEAS’s 50th Anniversary. We of course would not miss this rare occasion to explore the culture and beauty of this ancient Japanese cultural capital. This enriched and deepened our understanding of Japanese culture, nature, and the city landscape.
I would like to join many other international scholars who have been greatly benefitted from CSEAS fellowships and assert with great confidence that CSEAS is a leading research institution in Southeast Asian Studies. The fellowship has definitely nurtured and fostered the precious intellectual spirit of freedom and sharing. Thank you, CSEAS.
Professor Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao
Distinguished Research Fellow of Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica
Professor of Sociology, National Taiwan University and National Sun Yat-sen University
Chair Professor, National Central University
Former CSEAS Foreign Visiting Research Scholar
October 2015 – January 2016
Chris Baker （United Kingdom）
Pasuk Phongpaichit (Thailand)
We visited the Center in 1998 when Pasuk was invited to Japan by the Japan Foundation and have been fortunate to have two 6-month fellowships- from September 2004 to March 2005 when Pasuk was hosted by Professor Shiraishi Takashi, and from November 2011 to April 2012, when both Chris and Pasuk (for part of the time) were hosted by Professor Sugihara Kaoru.
Pasuk has also made several shorter visits to the Center under the JSPS-NRCT Core University Program headed by Professor Shiraishi and later by Professor Mizuno Kosuke. From this latter program emerged The Rise of Middle Classes in Southeast Asia edited by Shiraishi Takashi and Pasuk Phongpaichit (Kyoto University Press and Trans Pacific Press, 2008) and Populism in Asia edited by Mizuno Kosuke and Pasuk Phongpaichit (Kyoto University Press and NUS Press, 2009).
For visiting scholars such as us, the Center offers a unique experience. First, it is an opportunity to devote oneself full-time to a major project. Over our 2004-05 stay, we completed our A History of Thailand, which is now in its third edition, and also began translating the folk epic, A Tale of Khun Chang Khun Phaen, completed and published seven years later. Over 2011-12, we worked mainly on a project about inequality, since published as Unequal Thailand: Aspects of Income, Wealth and Power (Singapore: NUS Press, 2016).
Equally important is the chance to interact with the staff and projects of the Center, and to learn from the Center’s special culture of interdisciplinary work. We were privileged to attend one of the launching events for the “Sustainable Humanosphere” project, and several years later to attend its final conference. Both the process and the end-product of this pioneering project are very inspiring.
A special feature of the Center is the opportunity to meet and discuss with other visiting scholars who come from all over Asia and beyond and who study different parts and different aspects of Asia within many disciplines. These encounters offer unplanned and unexpected learning experiences. We have attended several seminars and short conferences on topics which would not normally have drawn our attention but which provided opportunities to learn “outside the box” of our usual concerns.
Finally, the sheer elegance of Kyoto as a city can sometimes be a distraction from academic work but on balance serves as a source of inspiration. Cycling along the Kamo River between the Center and the Shugakuin Hostel through the changing seasons is therapy for the mind.
CSEAS has built a pre-eminent position in the world of interdisciplinary scholarship on the Asian region.
Its contribution is found in its journals, publications, library resources, databases, conferences, seminars, and projects, but also in its efforts to foster the human contacts and personal academic exchanges which are the traffic of intellectual life.
Pasuk Phongpaichit Professor, Chulalongkorn University
CSEAS Visiting Research Scholar
Dates September 2004-March 2005
November 2011-April 2012
Chris Baker Writer and Scholar
CSEAS Visiting Research Scholar
Dates November 2011-April 2012
Janet Hoskins （United States）
I was at CSEAS from December 2010 to May 2011, which was a year with a harsh winter, a huge earthquake and tsunami, and a beautiful spring. For Japan, it was perhaps “the best of times and the worst of times.” I saw the incredible devastation caused by the Tohuku earthquake, but also the outpouring of support for the victims. I saw the government fail to address radiation dangers adequately, but also the heroism of particular workers who tried to repair the leaks at the nuclear power plant in Fukushima. It was a time when the people of Japan were tested by horrific events and showed an admirable fortitude and solidarity.
CSEAS was known to me as a regional studies center which had a distinguished history and was linked to a number of important publications. I had not been aware of many of CSEAS’s other activities in sponsoring conferences on current events and bringing together scholars who work on environmental issues. I was familiar with the work of anthropologists and historians who had been affiliated with CSEAS, but had not realized the links that the Center has to activism and the political transformation of the region. Since my own work is on transnational religion, I had been especially interested in the linkages between the new Vietnamese religion of Caodaism and some of the “Oomoto lineage” new religions in Japan.
My main goal during the time that I spent at the Center was to finish a book manuscript and to learn more about Japanese religion. Kyoto proved to be a wonderful place to do both of these things. I was very happy to meet a range of scholars from different countries who study Southeast Asia. I attended a wide range of seminars and workshops, and also went on field trips to monasteries, temples and mountain retreats in the area. There was a wonderfully congenial atmosphere at the Center which was combined with a serious devotion to scholarship and research productivity.
When I had a serious bicycle accident just a few weeks before the end of my stay, I got incredible assistance from CSEAS staff and especially my sponsor Yoko Hayami. I will always be grateful for her help at that time of pain.
CSEAS has helped to foster and continue dialogues across the Pacific about Southeast Asian cultures and how they are changing in today’s globalized world.
Regional studies have been challenged in recent years by the new ways in which we are all increasingly connected, so I see an emerging model of “Transpacific Studies,” in which people from both sides of the Pacific are part of an interactive, mutually constitutive dynamic process. I am hoping build new “Transpacific bridges” (which will, of course, be conceptual “bridges,” not real ones!) through increased contact between Asia and North America.
Japan is well situated to contribute to our knowledge of Southeast Asia because of its long history of involvement in the region, its educated citizens, and its commitment to scholarship. Globally, there are still language issues in communicating with many Japanese scholars, but publications like the journal of Southeast Asian Studies have made this less of a barrier. Collaborations with institutions like the Asia Research Institute at the National University of Singapore have also created a context for more inter-Asian dialogue and research collaboration.
Professor Janet Hoskins
Former CSEAS Visiting Research Scholar
Dates Dec 2010 – May 2011
OOI Keat Gin (Malaysia)
Twice, not once, I was a visiting research fellow of the Center for Southeast Asian Studies (CSEAS), Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. My initial residence was a three-month stay from mid-July to mind-Oct 2015. On the second occasion, it was a similar duration in 2016. Kudos to CSEAS for its flexibility in arranging the allotted six-month sojourn into two phases owing to other commitments that were less than accommodating. Seizing this present opportunity, my gratitude to those managing CSEAS then in demonstrating less than dogmatic observance of rules and regulations.
Intellectually, the twin interludes during the Kyoto summer were indeed beneficial. Seclusion afforded deep contemplation, thoughtful reflection. All the thinking, deep or otherwise, were effectively and readily transformed into words on the notebook screen. In penning a book, solitude was an asset, an ambience of indulgence for the writing craft, thoughts flow into words, words dressed a page, and several pages thereafter, a manuscript (for submission). Whether in my assigned office in CSEAS or in my apartment in Shugakuin, the environment nurtured creativity that transferred into completed papers, chapters, volumes in clockwork fashion. Over the space of two sojourns, the final accomplishment, writing-wise, was laudable, if not, impressive, viz. two working papers, two edited volumes, and a single-authored monograph. Admittedly the last mentioned had commenced much earlier in various other venues but was completed at CSEAS. Prolific penmanship and editing work owed much to the minimum of interferences. Encountered distractions faced by most serving academics commonly included a series of fruitless meetings, nuisance of unfinished administrative paperwork, and various other time-sapping bureaucratic demands, were all pleasantly ‘missing’ during my residences.
Again intellectually, I partook and enriched my knowledge and appetite, thoughts and insights in Japanese sociocultural practices, history, and heritage whilst sojourning in the ancient city of Kyoto. Weekends were spent cycling (one of life’s joys) around the historic city and outskirts, savoring the natural beauty as well as admiring the man-made edifices, the bustle of the city-center thronged with tourists and locals that were all profitable indulgences. Then there were the UNESCO-acknowledged world heritage sites (17 altogether then, if I recalled) were not only, mind the cliché, awe-inspiring, but also, fruitfully informative, a glimpse and a window into past achievements in both form and substance. Either enjoying the culinary delights of kaiseki, the traditional multi-course Japanese meal in an old-style restaurant, or simply standing and slurping (embarrassingly loudly) a bowl of soba (buckwheat noodle) at a roadside stall manned by an elderly couple, both were deep experiences of the senses.
Facilities at CSEAS itself and Kyoto University were commendable and supportive. Whether one was seeking assistance in the library or in one of the administration offices, staff were attentive, knowledgeable and helpful. Despite language and/or cultural barriers, smiles from all quarters overcame any obstacles. Daily living in Kyoto, the cuisine, the shopping, the parks, the cycling lanes, ‘polite’ traffic, the Kano river, the outskirts, and the salubrious weather (despite summer heat, typhoon warnings), all added to the rich, profitable, and unforgettable stay. My spouse, who spent shorter sojourns with me, was equally impressed, amused, delighted.
Professor OOI Keat Gin
Coordinator Asia Pacific Research Unit (APRU-USM)
School of Humanities
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Filomeno V. Aguilar Jr. （Philippines）
To have been affiliated with the CSEAS on a Visiting Research Fellowship was my distinct privilege and honor, first during the second half of 2001 and then from August 2010 to January 2011. During the first fellowship I completed an anthology on overseas migration, which was published in 2002 as Filipinos in Global Migrations: At Home in the World? The second fellowship enabled me to work on my book manuscript that saw publication in 2014, Migration Revolution: Philippine Nationhood and Class Relations in A Globalized Age (published in 2014 under the Kyoto CSEAS Series on Asian Studies). The research fellowships also gave me the opportunity to work on journal articles that were subsequently published in Southeast Asian Studies (vol. 41, no. 2, 2003) and the Journal of Global History (vol. 7, no. 3, 2012).
The research fellowships offered by the Center are truly valuable in providing the dedicated time and congenial environment to pursue scholarly work.
Stimulating conversations with the Center’s resident and visiting scholars enhanced my research, providing me leads to pursue as well as friendly encouragement in my work. As an academic based in the Philippines since 2003, I truly appreciate that the Center provides research opportunities free from the complexities of my home institution. Surely scholars from other countries in Southeast Asia would have a similar appreciation of the CSEAS.
By making the visiting research fellowships more competitive, the Center has also enhanced their prestige. These fellowships, I believe, are at the core of a flourishing network of scholars of Southeast Asia-which the Center has formalized into the Consortium for Southeast Asian Studies in Asia (SEASIA).
Beyond the fellowships for visiting scholars, the Center undertakes numerous activities, such as its program on young researchers and the various intersections with graduate degree programs in Kyoto University, which have contributed immensely to the training of a future generation of scholars and to knowledge production in and of Southeast Asia.
The Center’s decision to launch the English language journal, Southeast Asian Studies, in April 2012, while keeping Tonan Ajia Kenkyu as a Japanese language journal, has expanded the journal’s readership and positioned the Center as probably the only one in the world devoted to Southeast Asia that publishes its own high-caliber journal on the region. I am honored to be on its International Advisory Board.
In 2012 an important milestone was achieved when the Ateneo de Manila University’s Philippine Studies: Historical and Ethnographic Viewpoints and Southeast Asian Studies entered into a formal partnership. As a result, the two journals have cosponsored so far two international conferences, both of which were held at the Ateneo de Manila. “Historiography and Nation since Pasyon and Revolution: Conference in Honor of Professor Reynaldo C Ileto” was held on 8-9 February 2013. “Disasters in History: The Philippines in Comparative Perspective” was held on 24-25 October 2014. A third one will be held on 30-31 July 2018, “Bridging Worlds, Illumining the Archive: An International Conference in Honor of Professor Resil B. Mojares.”
All these innovative activities may seem like ordinary pursuits that the Center is expected to conduct anyway. However, given the travails of area studies in the United States, the Center’s activities gain tremendous significance. The expansion and growth of the Center for Southeast Asian Studies at Kyoto University signal in no uncertain terms the continuing relevance of Southeast Asian studies amid changing conditions in both Southeast Asia and the world. The CSEAS has engaged scholars of the region as equal partners and colleagues, unhampered by the ambitions of states and rulers.
Filomeno V. Aguilar Jr.
Former CSEAS Fellow
Dates 10 July 2001 to 9 January 2002
1 August 2010 to 31 January 2011
Peter Jackson (Australia)
Over the years, many colleagues in Thai studies and other fields of Southeast Asian studies have spoken glowingly of Kyoto University’s Center for Southeast Asian Studies (CSEAS) as providing an outstanding, international standard research environment and they have strongly encouraged me to spend time at the Center. Honoured to be selected to be a CSEAS visiting fellow for six months from October 2017, I was not disappointed. CSEAS not only deservedly lived up to its reputation, but the Center much exceeded my expectations before arriving in Japan. In an international academic environment increasingly driven by short-term neoliberal policies of “global rankings,” “publication metrics,” “performance indicators,” and market-based curriculums, CSEAS and Kyoto University more broadly stand out as centres of genuine free inquiry that value scholarly excellence above all else. And at a time when we are witnessing a disturbing darkening of the political climate across much of Southeast Asia, with repression and restrictions on academic inquiry and expression becoming increasingly commonplace, CSEAS stands out as a bastion of intellectual excellence based on a spirit of unfettered free inquiry into the societies and polities of the region.
However, from a personal perspective the most important and rewarding aspect of my all too brief stay at CSEAS was the unanticipated discovery of the genuinely large numbers of Japanese scholars based at universities across the country who specialise in Thai and Southeast Asian area studies but who publish almost exclusively in Japanese-language journals and monographs. I ashamedly admit that before my time at CSEAS I knew almost nothing of the impressive size and depth of the world of Japanese-language scholarship on Southeast Asia. Happily, my time at CSEAS coincided with the second SEASIA Conference, held at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok in December 2017, where I was also able to meet many of the large contingent of Japanese scholars who participated in that internationally significant event.
Over and above its importance as an international standard research centre, CSEAS and initiatives such as the regular SEASIA conferences fulfil a vital role in providing a bridge between Japanese-language Southeast Asian studies and the mainly Anglophone worlds of research and inquiry on the region beyond Japan.
The welcoming staff in the CSEAS administration and library were marvellous in helping make the negotiation of the Japanese Government and Kyodai bureaucracies less intimidating. But over and above their day-to-day roles in helping international visitors such as myself, they and the academic staff of CSEAS provide crucial points of connection between the organisational and scholarly dimensions of the Japanese and international academies. The only regret of my time at CSEAS is the realisation that I should have made the effort to spend time in Japan much earlier in my academic career. I very much hope to make up for past omissions by exploring options for developing future collaborations with the new colleagues I met while based at CSEAS.
Prof. Peter A Jackson PhD
Emeritus Professor, College of Asia and the Pacific
Australian National University, Canberra
Membre Associé, Centre Asie du Sud-Est, CNRS-EHESS, Paris
October 2017 – March 2018
Latsamay Sylavong (Laos)
In 2013, CSEAS provided me with a six-month fellowship to stay at the Center. This was a very productive and memorable experience allowing me to participate in various seminars, conferences, colloquia, and brown bag lectures, as well as the nice attractions of Kyoto city. The fellowship provided me a great opportunity to prepare a working paper to share and discuss my work with professors and colleagues within CSEAS. I was impressed with the professionalism of CSEAS, and benefited from the facilities that supported my stay. The Center provided space for flexible academic thinking. The pleasant and quiet surroundings were an excellent setting for the Center’s academic culture of exchange of ideas. This included the permanent staff of the Center, affiliated institutions within the University and students. The relationships I formed with other fellows from various fields of research and countries helped me to broaden my thinking, as well as making me think about ways to collaborate across the region. CSEAS offers a vital environment for scholarship in the region. Working in the field of environment and natural resources, I particularly enjoyed the Center’s approach to integrating social, environmental and ecological issues into their area studies.
I found CSEAS to be perfect for my fellowship, providing an excellent environment in a traditional city. My daily routine of cycling to the Center, focusing on my writing, accessing the many libraries in the University system and joining stimulating seminars was a unique experience.
Although we are all studying Southeast Asian studies, being in Kyoto opened up many opportunities to learn from what is going on in Japan. For me, learning about Satoyama initiatives provided a new perspective on local resource governance. There were many useful comparisons and insights, which I shared with colleagues after I returned to Laos. From my own experience, strong environmental leadership in academia will help influence decision-making processes in various areas.
I really feel CSEAS in Kyoto is one of the leading centers suited to the academic priorities and needs of scholarship for experienced professionals to achieve their expectations/ goals in their respective fields of scholarship.
The Center provides many different types of support to make sure that scholars make connections, share ideas and have the right environment for fellows to be productive.
Former Country Director of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Former CSEAS Visiting Research Scholar
Dates June – December 2013
Virginia Shih (United States)
It was indeed an honor and privilege for being invited as a visiting research scholar at the Center for Southeast Asian Studies (CSEAS) of Kyoto University from September 1, 2012 through February 28, 2013. Attending the Center’s events, workshops, seminars and staff meetings during my 6-month research residency was truly an eye opener to understand why and how things were conducted and learn about the quality of scholarship among presenters and the leadership of event organizers. I fulfilled my research objective in exploring the priorities, challenges, and prospects of Southeast Asian studies at CSEAS as a “Center of Excellence” for my overall understanding of Japanese contributions to Southeast Asia scholarship and librarianship. At the end of my research residency, I submitted an essay on “Exploring Southeast Asian Studies Programs and Scholarly Treasures in Japanese Institutions: A Preliminary Fieldwork Survey” which was published in CSEAS Newsletter No. 67, Spring 2013.
CSEAS has been, is, and will remain as one of most dynamic, innovative leading research centers in global Southeast Asian studies.
Given its geographic convenience in Asia, CSEAS has its advantage to establish and sustain a global network with various prestigious institutions interested in Asian/Southeast Asian studies through bilateral or multilateral memoranda of understanding, academic exchange agreements, collaborative research programs, field stations and overseas liaison offices. CSEAS has been successful in inviting local, regional, national and international academic communities to lead, contribute or participate in various public lectures, seminars, conferences, colloquia, workshops, and social events that provide an ongoing international momentum and forum for the research and teaching community to foster global area studies discussions in interdisciplinary, multidisciplinary, and cross-disciplinary areas within and beyond Asia. Among numerous academic achievements that CSEAS has accomplished regionally and globally in almost half a century, it is gratifying to see the open access of Southeast Asian Studies journal to promote Southeast Asia scholarship to a worldwide English-speaking audience as well as the inauguration of the Consortium for Southeast Asian Studies in Asia (SEASIA) in 2013 and its first biennial conference of SEASIA in December 2015 in conjunction with celebrating the 50th anniversary of CSEAS. I sincerely extend my heartfelt congratulations and blessings that CSEAS will continue to flourish as the worldclass research institute in Southeast Asian studies with distinguished faculty, researchers and graduate students as well as extraordinary resources to sustain global academic community building and networking to serve the local and global community of Southeast Asian studies in the next few decades to come.
Librarian, South/Southeast Asia Library,
University of California, Berkeley
Former CSEAS Visiting Research Scholar,
September 2012-February 2013
Nipaporn Ratchatapattanakul (Thailand)
I was a three-month visiting fellow at the Center for Southeast Asian Studies in 2015. As an alumna of the Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies (ASAFAS), Kyoto University, I felt as if I had returned to my academic homeland. Although I was familiar with the staff and academic facilities of CSEAS, I found discovered new experiences toward academic work as a visiting fellow. CSEAS has created a perfect environment for research and I was write an article throughout the day at my personal research office. Besides this, my stress was relieved by listening to my favorite relaxing music and watching lovely autumn view from my office’s window. I had lunch with neighbouring scholars and we shared not only academic matters, but also our experiences from our personal life. During some weekends, we participated in a one-day trip organized by CSEAS and, for instance, went hiking up Arashiyama. What impressed me most is the warm welcome to join a trip even if we had not known each other previously. Until now, the relaxing music and memories remind me of my pleasant academic time at CSEAS. I was able to finish writing and at the same time prepare for a new research proposal during the three-month visiting. This was truly a productive time in my life.
Apart from the peaceful environment, CSEAS has significantly created an environment for forming academic connections. The special talks and seminars of well-known scholars and newcomers were held at Tonan-tei around twice a month. As CSEAS’s academic staff possess diverse experiences, I enjoyed the variety of topics and could connect with the participants who attended these events. Indeed, CSEAS’s academic staff are a key element to the friendly atmosphere that exists. They treated all of the presenters and participants very well. I believe that CSEAS’s academic and administrative staffs have rich experiences and an especially good outlook toward international academic affairs.
As such, I trust that CSEAS can continue to be another principal academic homeland for everyone and not just restricted to former Kyoto University alumni such as myself.
Lecturer, Department of History, Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand
Former CSEAS Visiting Research Scholar
Walden Flores Bello
Democratic Degeneration: A Comparative Study of Democratic Decay in the Philippines, India, Hungary, Weimar Germany, and Post World War I Italy
The proposed research will look at the causes for the weakening of democratic processes in four selected countries. The study will examine closely the role of the following variables: class conflict, economic conditions, formal political structures and processes, and the international context. In the case of the Philippines, the period from 1986 to 2022 will be the period studied. Interviews of selected respondents will be done, along with analysis of electoral data and primary and secondary documents. In the case of India and Hungary, the period of study will be from 2000 to 2022 and will involve the same methods as the Philippines. The study will be comparative across contemporary political systems as well as historically. The reason for this is that there may be trends or developments that can only be caught by a longitudinal methodology. Weimar Germany and Post-World War I Italy have been chosen owing to the wealth of both documentary and electoral data available on them.
Model Participation and the Role of Local People in the Restoration of Peat Swamps: A Case Study of Riau, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia and Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan
The forest fires that occurred in Indonesia the 1990s and 2000s are main factors highlighted in forest mismanagement. These also include the conversion of peatland to paddy rice fields, illegal logging, and the use of forest conservation areas for oil palm plantations, mining and industrial timber plantations. These conditions eventually induce forest degradation, deforestation and forest fires. From a legal perspective, the central and local governments as well as law enforcement impose hard sanctions on those who break the law.
The research focuses the role of local people as well as other stakeholders to contribute to peatland management to tackle forest fires by 1) adhering to regulations on making fires in the customary forest lands (for paddy rice cultivation), 2) making canals to wet their peatland, 3) establishing groups prevent and fight forest fires (Kelompok Pemadaman Api), and 4) establishing socio-economic empowerment programs. The research also investigates lessons from Hokkaido, including agro-production, technology application, fertilizer use, and canal blocking. It also examines how local people, together with the central and local governments, academics, and NGOs, properly manage the peatlands of Hokkaido for paddy production, cow pastures, and other agricultural products.
Rataya Phanomwan Na Ayuttaya
The Data Structure of Cremation Books in the Thammasat University Library
At present, I am employed as a librarian at Thammasat University Library, Thailand. During my fellowship, I intend to conduct research on cremation books in Thailand.
Cremation books are Thailand’s unique cultural artifacts, published as memorials given to guests at funerals. They are sources of information for the study of history, biography, literature, religion, sociology, folklore, and cognitive science within Thailand. Each booklet has its own distinctive characteristics, and all are rare as they are published on one occasion only. In Thailand, Thammasat University Library recognizes the importance of such books. Therefore, our library has initiated an initiative to collect and preserve these valuable resources. The Pridi Banomyong Library has collected more than 7,400 funeral and memorial books in our rare book collection and has operated under a closed-stack system.
I am interested in studying the cremation books of Thammasat University library. By analyzing the biographies of the dead, booklet illustrations, and their contents this study can provide useful information for librarians as well as other scholars. Furthermore, it can encourage the public to recognize the importance of these books as historical records, worthy of being preserved.
Patricia May Bantug Jurilla
A study on the survival of the early printed books of the Philippines
Books in the Philippines have an almost ephemeral quality to them due to the conditions they are subjected to—the humid tropical climate, typhoons, floods, fires, earthquakes, and termites—and, generally, the inferior materials used in their manufacture. That the book has to contend with these multiple forces in order to survive is often raised in studies on Philippine book history, but how and why the book survives in spite of these forces have not been pursued at length or in depth. No single work concentrating on the collection, destruction, and preservation of the Philippine book has yet been done.
My project seeks to address this lack in Philippine book history. It is envisaged as a book-length study on the survival of the early printed books of the Philippines with the general objective of understanding, following Adams and Barker’s model, the three stages of survival in the life of Philippine incunabula (books printed from 1593 to 1640): their initial creation and reception, their resting period after such, and finally their entrance into the world of book collecting. To this end, the project will undertake case studies on five books: Ordinationes generales prouintiae Sanctissimi Rosarij Philippinarum (1604) by Juan de Castro; Relacion verdadera, y breve de la persecucion, y Martyrios (1625) by Diego de San Francisco Pardo de la Membrilla; Arte de lengva iloca (1627) by Francisco Lopez; Vocabulario de Iapon declarado primero en portvgves (1630) translated by Jacinto Esquivel; and Historia de la provincia del Sancto Rosario (1640) by Diego Aduarte.
Understanding the survival of these specific volumes, and Philippine incunabula in general, would hopefully contribute to their preservation, whether in physical or electronic form, and foster further scholarship on the books themselves, on their texts and contexts.
Responsible investment in Laos: the Case of Rubber Industry Development
During my fellowship at CSEAS I intend to prepare a book on rubber development and responsible investment in Laos. For almost 20 years, as a co-founder of the National Agriculture and Research Institute (NAFRI) I have been working to address agricultural and forestry research strategies and leading the implementation of four research programs: agriculture biodiversity conservation and sustainable use, productivity improvement, climate change adaptation and agriculture policy research. At present, I work for the Lao Rubber Association. Booming Rubber production in Laos during the period of 2005-15 due to a high price and increasing demand for natural rubber was an investment promotion scheme alongside hydroelectric dams and mining. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in rubber production from China, Vietnam and Thailand by land concession grants from the government significantly contributed to the development of the rubber industry. Through FDI, the majority of rubber production areas in Laos have been developed through concessions to foreign companies and they comprise about 70% with only 30% owned by smallholders. As such, rubber production has caused many issues and challenges in regards to food security, land, labor and livelihood, and toward the environment. Production has rapidly penetrated the country and at different levels, government was not ready nor well prepared for developments. The policy of the foreign investment in rubber and rubber importing countries also play a crucial role in rubber sustainable development in rubber producing countries. This research will highlight the challenges in rubber industry development in Laos and based on evidence, attempt to make policy recommendations to the government for better governance and management for sharing fair benefits among stakeholders in this sector.
Representing Karen historical networks
During my fellowship I am returning to the core project of my PhD research, tracing histories of Pwo and Sgaw Karen literate networks in nineteenth-century Myanmar. I am working to revise and extend this project, integrating more recent scholarship and expanding my focus to include different networks of exchange and cultural production. I am particularly interested in representing historical networks visually, so I plan to test some new tools for network visualization. I am pleased to have an opportunity to renew contacts with scholars in Japan who work on similar topics.
Krishna Bahadur KC
Exploring the contemporary resources use change in Cambodia.
My project is about writing a book on the sustainability of Cambodia’s Tonle Sap system. The Tonle Sap system feeds approximately 3 million people directly and provides income for millions more. The productivity of the system is sustained by an annual flood cycle, in which floodwaters of the Mekong fill the lake basin, increasing the size of the lake many times over, then receding. In the course of the annual flood, forests, grasslands, and agricultural fields in the floodplain of the lake are submerged for several months. This means that the hydrologic dynamics of the system interact with land-use dynamics, making for a complicated system that is impacted in many ways by human actions and will be vulnerable in many dimensions to climate change. The fishing people of the Tonle Sap live directly on the lake in floating villages or mobile communities at the shifting lake margin. Lake fisheries management has recently been granted entirely to these communities, with a ministerial decree that abolished a former system of large privately held fishing concessions. The Tonle Sap is, therefore, not only a prime example of a freshwater fishery but also a model of community control and management of a freshwater fishery. These attributes make it a rich source of information about freshwater fisheries management and their responses to climate change.
I have been interested in the Tonle Sap system since I first got the opportunity to visit there as a JSPS visiting fellow in 2010 from CSEAS. That time I learned a little bit about its ecology and the livelihood of the people on the lake. After returning from CSEAS and joining the University of Guelph, I kept trying to work on understanding the social and ecological implications of the Tonle Sap fishery under climate change. I got another opportunity to work with a group of people from Canada, US, and France on mainlining the productivity and income of the Tonle Sap system in the face of climate change. We researched a couple of issues, such as 1. We explored fisheries in the lake through fishers’ perceptions: (KC et al., 2017). 2. We compared the economic impact of global change on fishing and non-fishing households (Teh et al., 2019). 3. We assessed the Fishers’ ability and willingness to adapt to environmental change (KC et al., 2019). 4. We evaluated Community Fishery Management using fishers’ perceptions (KC et al., 2020). During my stay at CSEAS this time, I plan to summarize the findings from these publications, including the work carried out by various scholars from Kyoto University, and prepare a synthesized book on the sustainability of Tonle Sap.
May Adadol Ingawanij
Animistic Medium: Cotntemporary Southeast Asian Artists Moving Image
Professor Ingawanij is working on her book project. Animistic Medium conceptualises a contemporary artistic praxis: Southeast Asian artists moving image. It pursues two related concerns: to understand the relationship between regional legacies of vanguardism and contemporary artistic practices, and to think about modalities of artistic agency creating Southeast Asian artists moving image. The artists studied are, primarily, Lav Diaz, Araya Rasdjarmrearnsook, Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Anocha Suwichakornpong, Nguyen Trinh Thi, Korakrit Arunanondchai, Ho Tzu Nyen, Kidlat Tahimik, Tuan Andrew Nguyen, and Riar Rizaldi.
Animistic Medium tries to understand what has become of the avant-garde’s aspiration to change life. It asks: What are the characteristics of contemporary Southeast Asian artists moving image? How are such artistic practices entangled with the failures and the aftermath of the region’s historical vanguardism?
An increasingly common way to validate Southeast Asian contemporary art is to affirm artistic criticality, accompanied by the notion of the civic and transnational agency of the Southeast Asian contemporary artist. Yet such artistic practices tend to produce fables with oblique links political circumstances and legacies. The artists in the book tend to fabulate temporally heterogeneous worlds enlivened by beings of the deep past, the undead, spirits, and mythical creatures. They tend to reflexively dwell on the precarity of artistic subjectivity and expression, and to simultaneously ask what art can do and not-do. This is where the conceptualisation of Southeast Asian artists moving image as the making of animistic medium comes in. The book theorises the connection between regional contemporary art, legacies of vanguardism, and heuristics of Southeast Asian animism, through interrelating four research methods: criticism, conjunctural analysis, curatorial thinking, and storytelling. It theorises the entanglement of historical vanguardism and contemporary art via the proposition that that Southeast Asian artists moving image are practices that make animistic medium within circuits of global contemporary art. And it thinks the contradictions and potentialities of artistic expression and enunication by essaying the resonances between regional artistic agency and regional animism, defined as the praxis of agency of precarious beings in vast worlds of hierarchies and entanglements.
Arief W. Djati
Colonial Cosmopolitanism: Writing a biography of Kwee Thiam Tjing
Kwee Thiam Tjing, one of Indonesia’s great writers, wrote in Chinese Peranakan newspapers during the Dutch colonial period. He also wrote Indonesia Dalem Api dan Bara (Indonesia in Flames and Embers, 1947), the only book published while he was still alive. The book describes conditions in Java during the Dutch era, the Japanese occupation, and Indonesian independence with an original style that is funny, sad, and thrilling. Kwee Thiam Tjing used several pseudonyms, including his most well-known, Tjamboek Berdoeri. He may have been forgotten if not for the late Professor Benedict Anderson, who re-explored traces of the author and journalist, discovering more of his works.
My research is to continue writing the biography of Kwee Thiam Tjing that was initiated by Ben Anderson. This biography is important for several reasons. First, it will provide an overview of the dynamics of the world of journalism and publishing during the final period of the Dutch East Indies colonial government. Secondly, it will examine the connections between Indonesian nationalists and Chinese Peranakans in the period before and after the failed PKI rebellion of 1926. Third, the biography will trace the origins of the emergence of pro-Indonesian political choices among Peranakan Chinese. Through the story of Kwee Thiam Tjing, we can learn more of the cosmopolitan world he lived in and developed among journalists and Chinese—a cosmopolitanism that disappeared during the period of Indonesian independence.
Ancient Past for a Modern Nation: Mon Histories in Burma
During my fellowship, I am working to complete a book project that I have been working on for several years. I look at how Burmese historians and intellectuals understand themselves through British ideas brought in during the colonial period. European ideas of race (later renamed “ethnicity”) and nation led to the creation of new sites of history, in particular “Burma,” and new subjects of history, or the so-called “national races.” Local pre-modern, pre-colonial practices continue to inform the reconfigured landscape of history writing, especially in how local intellectuals make their arguments. I look at the example of one such newly created national subject, “the Mons,” who have created new national histories for themselves based on British ideas and their local adaptation in the wider Burmese intellectual environment.
Vietnamese Responses to Environmental Warfare and Disease
My current project examines a history of Vietnamese experiences with environmental warfare and diseases exacerbated by warfare during the Cold War. Those living in North and South Vietnam (and Laos and Cambodia) faced an environmental and social apocalypse. But even as millions were injured or killed, many learned to survive environments rendered hostile in new ways. These experiences helped form a “coping environmentalism,” which is particularly relevant in today’s world where individuals and societies face existential threats of climate change, air and water pollution, and pandemics.
In Kyoto, I will write about an early Cold War moment, namely the (non) use of biological weapons by the French during the First Indochina War. Starting in 1952, the Viet Minh became convinced that the French were dropping biological agents in northern Vietnam, aimed for the most part at destroying food crops. This moment set in place certain patterns of Vietnamese responses to environmental warfare, including the cooperation among medical doctors, agronomists, and other kinds of scientists. Vietnamese scientists also reached out to their colleagues around the world, including both those in the communist and capitalist worlds, to study, document, and resist epidemics and environmental warfare. I will also work on a chapter that compares malaria control and eradication in North and South Vietnam from 1954 to 1975. Malaria control efforts in the north seemed to be much more successful than those in the south and I will explore a few possible explanations as to why.
Towards Sustainable Living
The recognition that ending poverty must go hand-in-hand with strategies for social welfare and environmental protection, makes the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s) unique in history.
Moreover the UN calls on everyone to take action for sustainable living: “Be the change” is their slogan. This project addresses this current, urgent question, by 1. investigating possibilities for universal applicability of the “Lift your Life” action-program, that addresses the three core items of sustainable living (finances, eco-friendliness and health/wellbeing) in an integrated, practical way. Since 2012 this program was successfully applied in the Netherlands (around 1400 participants). 2. The second aim is to discuss and further develop the theoretical starting points of lifestyle transformation programs. Data will be collected through a focus group study and an expert consultation workshop. Previous investigations will also be elaborated. The general objective of my project will be a valuable contribution to theories and practices of sustainable living.
The Political Economy of Thailand’s Arch-Royalist Military
My research project derives from a book I co-edited entitled Khaki Capital: The Political Economy of the Military in Southeast Asia (NIAS, 2017). That book looked at Southeast Asia in general. My research project at Kyoto University more specifically focuses on Thailand. In Thailand, as in other countries, there are both direct and indirect methods by which the military (as an organization) or an individual military official gains profits. Direct military capital includes the budget but also military enterprises, investments, land, as well as positions on boards of directors. There is also indirect military income such as illegal “protection” money. As a profiteer from this “khaki capital,” the Thai military today perseveres as a prominent economic actor in Thailand because of its history in “developing” the countryside, its role in combating counter-insurgency, and its close relationship with monarchy (from which it receives much legitimacy). The dividends from such “khaki capital” are institutionally and individually alive and well today. My research will thus examine the history of “khaki capital” in Thailand.
TEEHANKEE, Julio Cabral
Between Elitist Liberals and Illiberal Democrats: The Rise of Nationalist-Populism in Southeast Asia
The shadow of nationalist populism has been cast over Southeast Asia. Three decades since a wave of democratic revolutions swept authoritarian dictatorships out of power in the Philippines, Thailand, and Indonesia, a new set of “strongmen” has emerged to challenge the liberal democratic order. These three countries were formerly hailed as exemplars of democratization in the region. However, democratic consolidation in these countries has been ambivalent, often prone to democratic deficits. The post-financial crisis period coincided with the rise of the first wave of populists in the region. Charismatic and popular leaders like Joseph Estrada and Thaksin Shinawatra arose in these countries to espouse populist causes and to win the votes of the oppressed, amidst the failure of previous leaders to institute social reforms and consolidate democracy. The inability of middle class-based reformism and the continuance of money politics fueled a growing desire among the electorate for a new anti-elitist and pro-poor political program. Unsurprisingly, these two leaders were ousted by the military-backed liberal urban elites.
The second wave of populism in the region is marked by the politics of anger and frustration, not so much from the poor, but the urban middle class. This resentment was manifested by the near victory of former New Order lieutenant general Prabowo Subianto in Indonesia, the victory of controversial crime-busting mayor Rodrigo Duterte in the Philippines, and the consolidation of political power by retired general and junta leader Prayuth Chan-o-cha in Thailand. Cass Mudde described populism as “an illiberal democratic response to undemocratic liberalism.” This research will trace the emerging contours of political contestation in Southeast Asia between law and order, nationalist populists, and the liberal moral reformists. Moreover, it will critically assess the challenges to democratic consolidation and the uncertain future of liberal democracy in the region.
The diffusion of shari’a laws in democratizing Muslim-majority countries: The case of Indonesia
My research project aims at explaining the diffusion of Islamic laws (shari’a) within democratizing Muslim-majority countries. The case study will be Indonesia. Most existing studies on the politicization of Islam under conditions of democratization have focused on national level politics. This focus misses the considerable spatial and temporal variance in the diffusion of shari’a laws within Muslim-majority countries. The project will examine this subnational variance in the diffusion of shari’a laws by combining methods from public policy research and political science in new and innovative ways. First, the research project will conduct a content analysis of over 1000 shari’a laws that have been adopted across Indonesia since 1998. Second, social network analysis will be used to examine the mechanisms through which these patterns have formed. The project’s working hypothesis is that networks within the government and the bureaucracy rather than groups situated in society explain variance in the diffusion of shari’a laws in Indonesia over the past 20 years.
FERGUSON, Jane Martin
Silver Screens Golden Dreams: A Social History of Burmese Cinema
My research at CSEAS is an effort to use the lens of cinema, both figuratively and literally, to peep into Burmese history and culture. Whereas many silver nitrate reels have disappeared, this project, entitled Silver Screens Golden Dreams: A Social History of Burmese Cinema uses ethnographic interviews, an ongoing collection of old magazines, local sources and remaining films that were preserved by MRTV to explore Burmese history and social concerns as presented on the screens in the country’s hundreds of cinema halls and open-air cinemas over the decades. Burmese cinema’s tropes include Buddhist cinematic and plot elements, from the moral perils of gambling and alcoholism in the colonial days, to Burmese-style socialist realism and the ethnic unity films of the Ne Win years, to representations of Burmese traditional music and dance and the risky allure of rock n’ roll; all of these play into a creative and constantly-changing Burmese cinematic language, which is crucially framed by its political economies of production, yet finds dynamic new spaces for interpretation and spicy controversy. I am delighted to be here in Kyoto for the next six months, and I look forward to getting to know the many other scholars here at CSEAS.
MOLLE, François Pierre Marie
A socio-environmental history of the Chao Phraya River Basin, Thailand
During my time at CSEAS I intend to capitalize on 25 years of research on the water sector in Thailand. This project first draws on a book project initiated twenty years ago on the history of water development in the Chao Phraya delta that I would like to further develop into a full socio-environmental story of 150 years of development of water resources in the whole Chao Phraya basin. My main objective is to unravel the intersecting economic, social, political, technical and agrarian transformations, and to describe and explain the intertwined evolutions of society and its environment, with a focus on water resources. Because of its ideal mix of water-related features (a wet season with flood problems, a dry season with insufficient supply to meet agricultural demand, water quality issues, highland/upland relationships and ethnic diversity, surface/groundwater use, the presence of a megacity (Bangkok) in its lower delta, a large diversity of uses, etc), the Chao Phraya basin offers a perfect setting to analyze how societies deal with various type of water-related challenges and how, in return, they are shaped by their changing water environment. This longitudinal study is also meant to contribute to the literature on socioecological systems and on political ecology. In parallel I am assembling and drafting material for a later book on institutional change in the Thai water sector over the past 30 years.
Ni Win Zaw
Department of Library and Information Studies
University of Yangon
An Annotated Bibliography of the Doctoral Dissertations Submitted to the University of Yangon (2000-2018)
My research at CSEAS will be to compile “An Annotated Bibliography of the Doctoral Dissertations Submitted to the University of Yangon (2000-2018)”. I aim to classify the listing of the dissertation entries for work in Geography, Psychology, Anthropology, Archaeology, International Relation, Library and Information Studies and Law. The objectives of the study are to comprehend the total research works on particular subjects or topics, to identify the strengths and weaknesses of doctoral research in particular subject areas, and to provide students and scholars a way to discover and analyze previous works of research.
Min Min Htun
The Study of Literature Magazines Published in Myanmar (1941-1961)
Min Min Htun is a Lecturer from the Department of Library and Information Studies, Yangon University, Myanmar. She has fourteen years of work experience and nine years of research experience. In 2015, she studied Social and Demographic Research Methods at the Australia National University (ANU). She has recently published two research papers both locally and internationally, A Study on Selected Male Writers’ Handwritings Collected in The University of Yangon Library (2017, Local) and Impacts of Flood and River Bank Erosion on Human Livelihoods: A Case Study of Some Riverside Villages in the Lower Ayeyarwady (2018, Team Work, International).
During my three months (2019, October to December) at CSEAS, Kyoto University, I aim to identify the main literary information sources of monthly Myanmar magazines published between 1941 to 1961 with an emphasis on literature. Magazines are one of the most often accessed information resources by the general public. They usually include various literary forms and types of writings by numerous writers and cover a broad range of subjects. Most have generally dealt with issues relating to religion, culture, literature, arts, social science, economics, education, and sports, etc. For my research I aim to research a total of six magazines for analytical study through literary research and analysis. The results gained from the study will provide new knowledge on the position of magazines over fifty years ago in the world of Burmese literature.
I am happy and gratitude to have the opportunity to be a CSEAS visiting scholar. Hopefully, my research paper will be beneficial to those who are eager to understand the conditions and status of Myanmar magazines published over fifty years ago.
Transnational Migration Vs Repatriation of Koreans: Kin state and the metamorphosis of national, ethnic and diasporic identities from a comparative perspective
Over the last 5 years I was a visiting Professor in South Korean Universities and witnessed the remarkable new phenomena of the exodus of former soviet Koreans from CIS countries and immigration vs Repatriation to South Korea. According to the Immigration office the number of koryoin, that is ethnic Koreans from Central Asia and Russia boomed over a few years to reach 85,000. These newcomers are diverse in terms of their country of origin, age, gender and social status. The majority of them are labor Migrants earning money doing so-called ‘3-D’ work. The second largest group is made students, and the smallest consists of self-employed young koryoin shuttling between Korea and their native countries. While in Korea, I conducted interviews and surveys on the three main group of CIS ethnic Korean Migrants in South Korea. At CSEAS I will analyze the similarities and differences in the adaptation and acculturation strategies, metamorphoses in the loyalties toward kin and their host countries to clarify the multifaceted identities of ethnic migrants.
WAN ALI WAN MAMAT
The cataloguing and evaluation of Jawi Collections in the CSEAS Library
At present, Malay books in Malaysia are overwhelmingly written in Roman script although a limited numbers of Islamic religious books are written in Jawi. The process of introducing Roman script was initiated by the British from about the middle of the 19th century through the modern school system established by them. As more and more schools were established and attracted students, the usage of Jawi script slowly faltered. After independence in 1957, Roman script became the standard script in schools, administration and the book publishing industry although officially Jawi script can still be used. However, unfortunately at present, there are few persons who understand Jawi, mainly because it has no economic value and not used in administration.
Generally, Jawi has passed through three stages of development: classical Jawi (prior to 1940), Za’ba Jawi (1940-1990) and modern Jawi (1990 and after). Their differences are mainly due to differences in the application of vocal letters to represent the vocal sound system. Those who knows modern Jawi would find it difficult to read classical Jawi as found in Malay manuscripts.
My main responsibilities will be to catalog the library collections in Jawi script and to evaluate the collections from many possible perspectives. My other responsibility will be to write articles on Jawi script and Jawi manuscripts (texts written by hand) before the introduction of printing in Malaya.
Gangsters and Masters: The Invention of Legitimacy in Malaysia and Beyond
My current work explores the intangible elements of politics including the conjunction of political imaginary and legitimacy; charisma and personality politics; the evolution of political imaginary; the constructions of political and national narratives; and the role of emotions in politics. While at CSEAS, I will focus mainly on my first monograph manuscript and also take this opportunity to give several seminars on Malaysian Politics.
During the 2018 Malaysian General Elections campaign I was given access to the inner circles of Mahathir campaign for 6 months, from nomination day to victory for my forthcoming monograph (2020). Beyond the rigorous documentation of the campaign and its intricacies from the unique perspective of the close circles of Mahathir, this book is an in-depth analysis of the re-invention of the Mahathir persona and the concept of “Legitimacy” in Malaysia and beyond. This work explores questions rarely touched on in the field of Malaysian studies and contributes to larger debates in the social sciences (sociology, political sciences and anthropology, philosophy etc).
Multiple Modernities of the Minority in Southwest China:
Life Historical Narrations and the Rural Immigrants of the Hmub in Eastern Guizhou (1930s-2010s)
With the contemporary “rise of China” phenomena, at present mass immigration from the rural areas to urban cities is one of the most apparent and significant experiences. Personal experiences describe and interpret such macro phenomena. This writing project is an ethnography for my half a year at CSEAS of Kyoto University and leads on from my ethnographic studies on Hmub (Hmong/Miao) villages in the highlands of south-eastern Guizhou since 1997. It aims to explore the marginality and multiple modernities through personal histories and narratives that deal with cross-regional movement of Hmub language speaking individuals, families, villages and counties. Life history narratives express not only the re-examination and analysis of real people through methodology but also with regards to the concept of performance, existence and linguistic practice in theory.
This ethnography proposes to describe and analyze three dimensions of the cross-regional immigrants, including historical, geographical and personal embodiment. The first focus will be on the generational differences between the following four periods: 1930-1940 (before the Chinese Civil War), 1950-1970 (the socialist transformation period), 1980-2000 (the economic reform and development period), and 2000-2010 (the rising of China). Secondly the ethnography will describe the stories and related documentation of one single county, Taijiang, in eastern Guizhou. Taijiang area began to be included as part of the Chinese Empire from the eighteenth century. For the surrounding Hmub and other minority people, Taijiang county has been represented as both a real and fantasized place of modernization. I will focus on the specificity of Hmub language, culture, environment, geographic features and governance among these areas to explore the space of Taijiang county and the interactions, dialogues between different generations of rural to urban immigrants. Finally, the ethnography aims to describe and discuss how different generations of Hmub migrants frame their own subjectivity and identity on gender, body and modernity through remembering, narrating and creating their life histories. The empirical data for this monograph is based on in-depth interviews, participant observation and historical research.
Torture and political order in Myanmar and Thailand
Police, soldiers and paramilitaries torture captives in a variety of settings in Southeast Asia today. What work is torture doing? What role is it playing? To address these questions, my current project brings political theory together with interpretive modes of inquiry into specific cases of torture in Myanmar and Thailand. By attending to the intimacy, lexicon, spatial and temporal amorphy, and jurisprudence of torture, I consider the relationship between this type of violence and the idea of the state in mainland Southeast Asia specifically, and in our time generally. While at the CSEAS I will work with data generated during 2018 and 2019 to show how law courts recognize, misrecognize or refuse to recognize facts about torture. I will also work on two monographs on politics in Myanmar, one in a long essay format and the other a reader for a general audience.
The Expansion of Tabligh Jama’ah and its Influence on the Religious Belief of Bajo People
Tabligh Jama’ah is an Islamic sect originating in India which has rapidly spread and developed in Southeast Asia, including Indonesia. The spread of Tabligh Jama’ah has already reached indigenous and marginal ethnic groups, one of which is the Bajo people. The Bajo people (sometimes spelled “Bajau”) are the most distantly dispersed and widespread indigenous ethnic group in Southeast Asia, known widely as “sea people” because of their marine based livelihoods. My research at CSEAS will focus on the expansion of the Tabligh Jama’ah movement and its influence on the religious beliefs of the Bajo people living in Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. During my time at CSEAS, I will explore the valuable sources at the CSEAS Kyoto University libraries, especially regarding the socio-cultural life of the Bajo people and the movement and spread of Tabligh Jama’ah in Southeast Asia. I will also consult and to discuss with experts on Southeast Asian studies at CSEAS to received valuable input for my research. I am proud and honored to have the opportunity to be CSEAS fellow, and I hope my research can contribute to the great wealth of research on both Bajo communities as well as on the development of Tabligh Jama’ah in Southeast Asia.
Coffee Production, global value chain and ethnic minorities in Chinese borderlands at Upper Mekong region
Coffee, as a cash crop, is an important source of income for the livelihood of many farmers in the Global South. Major coffee producers are small-scale famers, who produce over 75% of the world’s coffee. Along the Chinese borderlands with Southeast Asia countries, coffee production is now booming along with rapid economic development. Yunnan province, situated in the upper part of the Mekong Region, currently accounts for around 98% of all coffee production in China, but it is also regarded as a poorer province within China. However, there is current gap in understandings of effects of the China’s coffee boom on livelihoods, environmental landscapes and poverty alleviation in the area. Within such a context, this research in CSEAS will attempt to address the question “how does rapid development of coffee production in Yunnan transform the livelihoods and local landscape of ethnic minorities in the region?” The research aims to understand: 1) how is labor-capital-land arranged in China’s coffee production 2) how the global coffee value chain is organized in Yunnan, and 3) what are the environmental and livelihood changes that arise due to the development of coffee production.
Clandestine Travel across the Sino-Burmese Border during the Cold War
In terms of Cold War history, mainstream historiography has focused on the politics of global confrontation in light of ideological differences, the central state’s foreign policies, and national and regional security, which we may term high-level historiography. Apart from this orientation, there have been efforts to explore how ordinary people carried on their everyday lives during this era in the face of numerous struggles and even persecutions imposed from above, and how they remember their history. This latter approach, or grassroots historiography, though comparatively minor, has enriched our understanding of the Cold War history beyond the frameworks of politics and national and international institutions, and helped us gain insights into plural dimensions of daily lives—socio-cultural, economic, technological, and environmental.
My year at CSEAS endeavors to write an ethnography related to Cold War history, which is grounded in in-depth fieldwork among Yunnanese of southwestern China and Yunnanese migrants in Burma and beyond over the last four years. It attempts to look into their clandestine travel across the Sino-Burmese border for survival or for a better life in the face of ongoing political and social upheavals during the Cold War era. Their moving was connected to multiple factors and resulted in various types of migration—victim, political, military, economic and cultural—which often overlapped with one another. Moreover, circulation of goods, capital, ideas and intelligence accompanied their travels.
Scaling forest restoration in South East Asia through integrating timber production and private sector investment
Forest landscape restoration has become a major global objective and a strong focus of policies to address climate change. Restoration aims to restore landscape function through a mix of forest conservation, re-establishment of forests and productive uses of trees. There is an estimated 110 million hectares of degraded forest lands in South East Asia, 60 percent of the total forest area. My research at CSEAS aims to investigate new approaches to overcoming the policy and financial challenges of forest restoration in this region. For the past 3 years I have been leading an international multi-partner research project on improving policies for forest plantations in Lao PDR and Vietnam. My aim is to use the outputs from this research and work with experts at CSEAS to investigate supportive policies and legal frameworks for implementing forest landscape restoration. These policies will cover issues such as governance, property, tenure and access rights, and strengthening capacity of public organisations. A key focus will be the design of policies to support integrated investment models that engage the private sector and empower rural landholders to become more engaged in sustainable forest management.
Goh Beng Lan
Silent Revolution: Changing Mindsets as Radical Politics in 21st Century Malaysia.
I have two writing projects during my three months at CSEAS. The first, is to turn a talk delivered at the Annual Meeting of the Japan Society for Southeast Asian Studies in December 2018 in Tokyo into a paper for a forthcoming special issue of Tonan Ajia: Rekishi to Bunka (Southeast Asia: History and Culture), Vol. 49, 2020.
Second, I will continue writing a manuscript that showcases the significance of mindful self-transformations —which is not generally considered ‘’political’’— as the basis for the renewal of political consciousness and action in contemporary Malaysia. Based on ethnographic, online and secondary research conducted over the past decade, this manuscript focuses on resistance against ethno-religious bigotries outside the conventions of civil society in three societal arenas, namely, popular religion, artistic practices and citizenry initiatives. While seemingly disparate, these rejections of ethno-religious dogmas are united by a mode of protest that is configured by the intersection of social media and the creative play of symbolism, metaphor, and image. Importantly, these innovations stimulate new and open ways of interrogating, expressing, blurring and minimizing ethno-religious differences which strike powerful cords with, and are easily understood by, fellow Malaysians. By exploring atypical political actors, sites and methodologies of defiance associated in these actions, I hope to provide fresh insight into the forms, characteristics and meanings of contemporary political resistance in Malaysia.
I am honored to have the opportunity to be at CSEAS and look forward to learn and benefit from discussions with staff and visitors at the center.
Edilberto De Jesus
Philippine “Populism” under Rodrigo Duterte
The election of Rodrigo Roa Duterte as president in 2016 blindsided many experienced political analysts. In the first half of his six-year term, he has pursued policies that ran counter to the views held by the majority of Filipinos. His speech, behavior and style of governance clashed with values traditionally taught to children, embodied in pledges recited in schools, and often proclaimed as quintessentially Filipino.
International observers have identified him among the new breed of populist strong men, together with Vladimir Putin, Xi Jinping, and Donald Trump. But the character of his populist appeal appears rooted in factors different from those energizing the popular base of his colleagues, who have no special standing among Filipinos. Nonetheless, Duterte clearly continues to enjoy high levels of trust and approval in public opinion surveys. His anointed candidates for the 2019 mid-term elections have also taken an early lead in the senatorial race, benefitting from the presidential endorsement and the advantages provided by an administration in power.
Three months at the Kyoto CSEAS will give me a chance to explore the Center’s rich Filipiniana resources and to tap into recent studies of Philippine history and political culture. Perhaps, these sources will provide some clues to understanding the Duterte phenomenon in the context of what he has promised and achieved during the first half of his term, and its implications for the trajectory of Philippine development.
Nhung Tuyet Tran
During my time at the Centre for Southeast Asian Studies, I will be working on two related projects: I will complete the manuscript for my book on the cultural history of Vietnamese Catholicism from 1624-1800 and I will begin work on my next project, a study on the idea of property in Vietnam. The former, tentatively titled, “Translating the Christian Cosmopolis: Vernacular Writing, Oral Culture, and Catholic Identity in Early Modern Vietnam,” explores how Vietnamese Christians made Roman Catholic teachings legible to a local audience through the circulation of easily transported codices written in the vernacular script and transmitted orally from one community to the next. The articulating of these teachings in Vietnamese contexts allowed believers to travel the post-Tridentine Christian world and imagine themselves as members of a Vietnamese and global church, no less deserving of salvation than any of its other members. I will spend the second part of the fellowship period translating contracts between Cham women, Vietnamese men, and the Southern Vietnamese state from the 17th and 18th centuries to understand how indigenous Cham notions of property over people, place, and things shaped the property regime of the Southern Vietnamese state in 1812, even as it claimed a “universal” Chinese model. Both these projects examine how local articulations of knowledge, prestige, and authority (re)shape universal claims.
Gender Diversity in Changing Vietnam
Since 1986 when Vietnam launched its Economic Reform Policy, the country has undergone tremendous changes not only in terms of politics, economics, international relations and society, but also in terms of human resources and public mindset. In the past, gender diversity and LGBT were taboo issues. But since the early 2010’s, the situation has changed gradually and positively. Gender diversity and LGBT have become an issue in progress in Vietnam and the public has increasingly recognized LGBT people, particularly in big cities, while gender diversity has been widely debated.
At CSEAS, I will focus on my new project, Gender Diversity in Changing Vietnam. Why has Vietnam, a Socialist State and Confucian society, shifted from being stern to being so positive in recognizing the gender diversity issues, and the lives and rights of LGBT people? And how have such changes in the mindset and attitude of the Vietnamese people, the Government and the Communist Party evolved?
While focusing on these questions above, during my stay at CSEAS, I would like to exchange and discuss about gender diversity with CSEAS scholars and experts, and explore new aspects of gender diversity studies. In line with this, I aim to establish connections and develop networks with scholars and experts at CSEAS and other institutions in Japan. This will link to a comparative study I hope to conduct on gender diversity between and among some ASEAN countries.
Thanyathip Sripana has thirty years of work experience as a Researcher and a Lecturer in Vietnamese Studies, as well as on the issues of Mekong and Asean Connectivity and Mobility. She has served as a Researcher and a Lecturer at the Institute of Asian Studies, Chulalongkorn University, since April 1988. Over this period, she had also been a Visiting Fellow at various institutions including Laval University in Canada, IRSEA (IrAsia) in France, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Institute for Southeast Asian Studies in Hanoi, and CSEAS in Kyoto (2011, present). As a guest lecturer, she has occasionally delivered lectures at various institutions both in Thailand and abroad including College for Asean Studies at Guangxi University for Nationalites (China), University of Social Science and Humanities, Vietnam National University (Hanoi, Vietnam). As a specialist on Vietnam, her research work covers Politics; International Relations (particularly between Vietnam and Thailand); Culture; History; and Security (including the issue on Vietnam and South China Sea).
Over the last seven years she has contributed various articles and papers to Vietnamese Studies: Thailand and Vietnamese Patriotic Movement in the Mid-20th Century; Ngô Thị Huệ and her Reminiscence of Thailand in the Mid of 1940’s; Ho Chi Minh in Thailand : The Struggle for Vietnamese Independence; China’s Influence on Vietnam through Vietnam-China Border Trade; Gender Diversity in Socialist Viet Nam and Unification of Human Rights in ASEAN.
Demarcating the public and private: land, natural resource and environmental governance in the Mekong Region
During my three months at CSEAS, I will embark on a co-authored monograph (with Carl Middleton, Chulalongkorn University) that takes a critical look at the context-determined demarcation between the public and private spheres in the realm of land, natural resource and environmental governance under intensified development in the Mekong Region. The book will commence by making the case for contextualizing the delineation of public and private roles and spheres rather than importing universalized schema, exploring tensions and contradictions of the neoliberal authoritarian context in which resource-based development and environmental governance is occurring in the Mekong Region. The remainder of the book will then develop a set of connected themes, each illustrated extensively by empirical material. These include: context-specific constructions of publics including “community”, “people”, “civil society” and State-as-public; the conflation of public interest and national interest discourses in contestation of large scale resource projects; public and private discursive space in an age of social media and authoritarian information controls; context-specific notions of public and private physical/living space; benefit, cost and risk distribution in public-private projects; privatization of public goods in post-socialist economies; the conflation of public and private benefits in bureaucratic and military control over natural resource projects and land/territory; and the commons as an “in-between” public/private domain.
The empirical underpinning of the project will include case studies of river basin development and hydropower, large scale land investments, forest exploitation and conservation issues, and the contested politics of environment in mainland Southeast Asia. The book will also draw on ongoing research in which I am currently engaged through a project funded by the Australian Research Council, entitled Rupture: nature-society transformations in mainland Southeast Asia and being carried out in collaboration with colleagues at the Australian National University.
Since this is in many ways a new intellectual venture on my part, I particularly welcome the opportunity to discuss some basic premises of the project with staff and visiting scholars based at CSEAS.
The Politics of Politeness: a History of Manners in Thailand; and The Rise of Buddhist Radicalism in Southern Thailandh
While I’m at CSEAS I will be completing two projects.
The first is a monograph that examines the history of manners in Thailand. There is an old and rich literature in Thailand about how to conduct oneself that dates back centuries. Much of this literature draws inspiration from the Buddhist doctrine of the need to control the “body, speech, and mind” (kai waja jai). Yet notions of how to manage oneself and one’s relations with others have constantly been contested. This book takes a long duree approach to the history of manners, arguing that the debate over proper conduct has been of crucial importance in Thailand’s modern history, including in the current political conflict. The book has a strong comparative dimension. It considers the extent to which Norbert Elias’s notion of the “civilizing process” for Western Europe can be used to understand changes in conduct in Thailand.
The second project explores the rise of Buddhist radicalism in southern Thailand. Much of the scholarship on the violence in the south focusses on the Malay Muslim community of the southern border provinces. Much less attention has been given to the largely overlooked phenomenon of growing religious-nationalist sentiment in the “Buddhist heartland” region of the mid-south (roughly Surat Thani, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Phatthalung and Songkhla).
Maria Karina Africa Bolasco
Untold Lives and the Philippine Political Revolution of the Long 1970s.
The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) was the strongest opposition against the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos until it conceded that role on the eve of Marcos’s ouster. Thousands of young men and women joined this movement , many of them sacrificing their lives. And while some of the leaders of this political revolution still survive, their stories remain untold, creating this yawning gap in the history of the period. Without their stories, the writing of this important part of Philippine history will be incomplete.
I propose to write about their very own post-reflections on their work and conviction as top ex-leaders of the CPP, their passion and dedication as they carried out their daily tasks in the political revolution of the long 1970s. I hope to be able to show how their original concepts of social change and of a national democratic movement have changed or evolved over the 50 years of the CPP.
I shall be guided by Jonathan Culler’s (Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction: Oxford 1997)definition of biography theory as ” accounts others can use about meaning, nature and culture, the functioning of the psyche, the relations of public to private experience and of larger historical forces to individual experience.”
Biography or life writing is both a historical activity and a literary genre. In the last four decades, people’s stories have made history more interesting and engaging to a public. Yet, it is the genre least studied and theorized, but simultaneously it is the most actively discussed, and more critically, due to the perceived limits of biographical knowledge. How are claims validated? Shall we pit their accounts against one another? Or is it more important that they all get to their personal truths. There are lessons for individuals and communities over regrets, failures, and sins of commission and omission. Isn’t this how individual lives move history forward?
This project shall be conscious of the demands of writing biographies that will accurately document the story of a political revolution “in the long 70s,” in the time of Marcos and Sison. Having handled the publication of so many books on martial law, on the heroes and martyrs who fought against it, and even collections of the memoirs of these men and women, I feel that this book would be the logical conclusion of all these early publishing efforts.
I have done, and continue to do via email, more interviews of these individuals. My goals here are to be able to 1) transcribe the many hours of interviews; 2) do further documentary research at the CSEAS and KU Libraries, and 3) write the first draft of the book.
Mohammad Golam Farouque
Prospects and Challenges of Managing Natural Resources through Community-based Approach in Bangladesh
The capacity to use and manage natural resources effectively is a great challenge in many developing countries. These resources reside under threatening conditions in Bangladesh where around 80 percent people, an estimated at 120 million people, live in rural areas and depend on natural resources (land, water and forests) for economic development, food security and other basic necessities. The country’s population is estimated to reach 210 million by 2030 and this will have serious implications on the sustainability of its natural resource base. The community-based natural resources management (CBNRM) approach is a systematic effort to improve soil and land productivity, agro-forestry development and other rural energy sources by which landholders gain access and use rights to, or ownership of, natural resources; collaborative and transparent planning and participation in the management of resources use; and achieving financial and other benefits from stewardship.
While at CSEAS, I will be working on research that will attempt to explore the prospects and challenges of a CBNRM approach through intensive literature review, consultation and discussion meeting with experts and observations as well under the guidance of my host Professor. However, to date, there have been very limited studies concerning the above issues in the context of Bangladesh. Identifying prospects and challenges will provide insights to establish this approach in Bangladesh while considering the perspectives from both developed and developing countries.
Swe Swe Mar
Assessment of farmers’ attitude towards the use of inorganic and organic fertilizers for rice cultivation in central Myanmar
I am Swe Swe Mar a lecturer in the department of soil and water science of Yezin Agricultural University, Myanmar. Between 2007 to 2012, I studied my master and doctor degree at the Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology under the supervision of Professor Dr. Masanori OKAZAKI and Professor Dr. Koki TOYOTA.
My research project is an assessment of farmers’ attitude towards the use of chemical and organic fertilizers in rice cultivation of Naypyitaw, Myanmar. At present, Myanmar faces huge food supply challenges due to an increasing population, limited opportunities to increase arable land, and declining yields associated with continuously declining soil fertility. This research explores factors influencing fertilizer and manure use in rice cultivation. At present, well-established nutrient management practices undertaken by smallholder include use of manure and intercropping legumes while composting and agroforestry are relatively new and limited and manure releases nutrients to the soil slowly and helps soil to build organic matter with long-term benefit. One key requirement to overcoming the socio-economic as well as the biophysical constraints to improve soil fertility management at the farm level is an understanding of the basic rationale of small-scale mixed farming systems such as those in Myanmar with an adequate understanding of smallholders’ attitudes. This research will look into the above during my stay at CSEAS.
Land conflicts in contemporary Indonesia and its meaning in the historical context
Land conflicts have occurred in many places all over Indonesia on many occasions. Here I will explore and analyze three main factors that work on this phenomena, which are land grabs, the unequal structure of land distribution, and colonial-minded agrarian laws and policies. With the first factor, land grabbing phenomenon show how easy corporations obtain control over large swaths of land straining space for people’s livelihood. With the second, I will explore how the structure of land distribution in Indonesia, which is always in unequal form, has been constructed, and subsequently created the conditions for land encroachment by local people into both public and private land. With the final one, I will explore the sustainability of a colonial-minded laws in Indonesian agrarian policies. I assume that as long as these three factors continue to work, land conflicts will persist.
The pitfalls of democratization in Southeast Asia
While at CSEAS, I will be working on a manuscript for a new mini-book series edited by Edward Aspinall and Meredith Weiss for Cambridge University Press. This monograph will discuss the reasons behind the apparent obstacles to democratization in Southeast Asia. While autocracy firmly endures in states such as Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Singapore and Brunei, the young democracies of the Philippines and Indonesia show clear signs of deconsolidation. At the same time, the democratic transition of Myanmar is under threat, while Malaysia’s future remains uncertain. Why is it that Southeast Asia is such a difficult arena for democracy to take hold? The manuscript will ponder the evidence and offer some explanations in the context of rising inequality and populism in a post-globalisation world.
Alicia Chavarria Esguerra
I am Alicia Chavarria Esguerra, Librarian at Bulacan State University, located in the historic City of Malolos, Bulacan, Philippines. I am also an Associate Professor in the same university, teaching various Library and Information Science subjects in the undergraduate level. It is my first time to be in the beautiful City of Kyoto although it has always been my dream to visit this amazing country which exemplifies that technology and nature can co- exist and share a symbiotic relationship with each other.
While at CSEAS, I will be working on a research that will attempt to describe library education and practices in Japan and the Philippines; identify the similarities and understand their differences, with the aim of finding avenues by which these two great nations can work in mutual cooperation in the field of Librarianship and Information Science. I also hope to finish my research about the history and development of library education and librarianship during the early period of American colonization in the Philippines. In addition, I will be working on the cataloging and classification of the Ambeth Ocampo Collection available at the CSEAS Library, and work in partnership with Professor Mikiko Ono in the compilation of an annotated bibliography of this rich Filipiniana collection.
Wilfrido V. Villacorta
China, Japan, ASEAN: Towards A Mutually Acceptable Modus Vivendi?
Transformations in the character of world affairs necessitate different responses from traditional as well as emerging powers. Perceptions of who are friends and who are enemies are becoming more blurred. As states are faced with formidable challenges of this century, what is evident is that there are no permanent interests either. The parameters of so-called national and regional interests have to be re-framed. Definitions of core benefits of individual states tend to be parochial and short-term, deep-rooted in bloated concepts of national pride, perpetuation of self-serving official narratives and vested interests of leaders. One-upmanship is the name of the zero-sum game.
Massive poverty, transnational crime, natural disasters due to environmental destruction, international terrorism, the specter of a global nuclear holocaust-these more serious threats to human survival should be the over-riding focus in the pursuit of national interest. My study will examine and evaluate the extent to which these moral imperatives are effectively addressed by Japan and China, the prospects of closer cooperation between these two leading powers in the region, and the catalytic role of ASEAN in unlocking these possibilities.
Ronald Everette David HOLMES
My current research focuses on an examination of the values, beliefs, motivations, and characteristics of Filipino citizens/voters. In the run-up to the last 2016 elections and under the current administration, Filipino voters/citizens have been characterized as bobotante (a portmanteau of bobo [stupid] and botante [voters]); tangahanga (another compound word of tanga [stupid] and tagahanga [fan]); dilawan (yellows, referring to those who support the Liberal Party or its leaders [former President Benigno S. Aquino or presidential candidate Manuel “Mar” Roxas]); or Dutertards (term used for describe those who support presidential candidate and now incumbent president Rodrigo Duterte). These characterizations are, at the very least, sweeping. Thus, this research, through an examination of prior qualitative work, as well as existing and future survey data, aims to surface what could be deemed as “drivers” of political behavior of Filipino citizens/voters.
Retro-fitting or Transformation? Sustainable Development Goals and Public Policy in Southeast Asia
In Southeast Asia, governments, businesses and non-governmental stakeholders are laying the building blocks necessary to adopt a suite of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The goals, targets, and indicators of SDGs aim for a global transformation by 2030 whereby ‘no one will be left behind’ in development as well as to ‘end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure prosperity for all’. While at CSEAS, I will analyze the nature and extent of SDG implementation in Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand at various scales of governance. Informed by the scholarship on policy change and sustainable humanosphere, the research will examine whether countries are merely ‘retro-fitting’ the SDG agenda into their existing priorities, or ambitiously exploring the potential for credible policy reforms or transformation.
Colin Andreas DÜRKOP
Research Topic: ASEAN and BSEC – A comparative analysis between two Regional Organizations
While numerous studies exist which focus on multilateral cooperation at a regional and/or sub-regional level, little research appears to have been conducted on inter-regional comparisons. This is surprising in times of advancing globalization and regional cooperation. As a case in point, the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization (BSEC) is hitherto little known in Southeast Asia (and vice-versa). So far, there has been no comparative analysis between these two regional organizations which share many similarities but also different features. Moreover, no institutional links have so far been established between ASEAN and BSEC comparable to the Forum for East Asia-Latin America Cooperation (FEALAC). Similarly, only few exchanges on academic/scientific level or between think tanks and NGOs took place so far.
Against this backdrop it appears to be of academic interest to compare the goals, structures, working principles and methods as well as different programs of the two regional bodies situated in Southeast Asia and West Asia, two economically vibrant regions with a potential to complement each other. This research will address the question to what extent or in which areas BSEC could serve as a source of inspiration (rather than an alternative model) for the ASEAN in general or AEC in particular, or vice versa. As a case study, SME development approaches pursued by both regional organizations will be chosen as a focal point for the analysis.
The Political Economy of Public and Informal Transport in Thailand
At CSEAS, I will work on synthesizing the lessons learned from Thailand’s experiences in planning and regulation of public transport systems over the past two decades. I will employ a political economy approach to understand the interactions between government institutions, and the behaviors of transport operators, in particular, how the action or inaction of government institutions create incentive systems for operators, drivers or other stakeholders. Such decisions often produce outcomes that are generally socially desirable, but often times problematic. Institutional, organizational, and other issues that affect performance of public transport, including formal and informal operators in Bangkok, will be analyzed and compared with those in other Southeast Asian countries. It is hoped that Thailand’s experiences with planning and regulation of public transport systems can offer useful lessons for other developing countries in Southeast Asia and elsewhere.
Research topic “The Thai Military’s Civil Affairs Projects”
Associate Professor Puangthong Pawakapan
Visiting Research Scholar at the CSEAS, Kyoto University
The Thai military’s civil affairs projects, including rural development program, mass organizations and psychological operations, were essential tools of counter-insurgency operations during the Cold War period. The Internal Security Operations Command (ISOC) was the nerve center of the operations. ISOC was known for its use of violence and propaganda techniques against the movements of students and peasants in the 1970s. The demise of communism did not see the winding up of ISOC power. Instead, the military expanded its power widely, especially after the coups of September 2006 and May 2014. This research examines the role and impact of ISOC in organizing and mobilizing several segments of Thai citizenry nationwide with the aim to undermine electoral democracy and to entrench the power of the conservative elites, especially when Thai society is polarized deeply by the color-coded conflict.
Creating and Printing of the National Bibliography
2 year ago I was able to participate in a Sakura Science Project and visited Japan. I did not think I would be able to visit again however, I am glad that this became a possibility and that I have received a warm welcome from CSEAS. During my stay I hope I will gain valuable academic experience and learn about how CSEAS operates. I aim to use my experiences here to lead to more fruitful cooperation between the National Library of Laos and CSEAS in the future.
Compiling Academic and Non-Academic Journal Titles are Published in Laos for Making the National Journal Bibliography Books.
I am a librarian from the Central Library of the National University of Laos and this is my first time that I have an opportunity to visit Japan and Kyoto University. I am very happy to be a member of CSEAS and I would like to express my thanks to the staff for their very kind opportunities to be here and their warm welcome. For three months I have been here, I have improved my librarian skills and will bring all of knowledge I have gained here to help develop Lao libraries after I return to Laos. I also aim to work on a paper entitled, Compiling Academic and Non-Academic Journal Titles are Published in Laos for Making the National Journal Bibliography Books. I will try my best to gain valuable academic knowledge and experience in Kyoto. Hopefully Lao librarians will be able to improve their library science skills as I have and I hope that we can have enduring cooperation between Kyoto University and Lao libraries in the future.
Agricultural Modernization and Sustainability of Rice Production in Bangladesh: Technological Issues
At the beginning of the Green Revolution in the late 1960s, modern varieties of rice were introduced in a number of developing countries that were struggling to overcome food deficits, including Bangladesh. The area under rice production in Bangladesh since independence in 1971 has been, to date, almost static while production has been increasing over the past four decades. Rice production more than tripled but progress has been slowing down. The yield plateau of rice must be overcome by revamping agricultural research through the development of a wide number of technologies such as development of suitable varieties in different Agro-ecological zones (AEZs), fertilizer management technology, water saving technology and systems of rice intensification (SRI) etc. Globally, the orientation of the development of agricultural is shifting from productivity to sustainability, stability and safety. However, these issues have not been studied properly in Bangladesh. While at CSEAS, I will study and focus on technological issues and the sustainability of rice production in Bangladesh.
Zaher SAMMAN TAHAN
Examination of some Genes Encoding Virulence-associated Factors in Asymptomatic Bacteriuria Escherichia coli Strain 83972 to Understand its Colonization Mechanism and to Evaluate its Potential Use in Prevention of Symptomatic Urinary Tract Infections
Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a well-known intestinal bacterium as a commensal of the humans and other animals. Most of E. coli strains causes no problem or even are beneficial to their hosts. However, some E. coli strains cause debilitating and sometimes fatal diseases in humans as well as warm-blooded animals. E. coli pathogenic strains are divided into intestinal pathogens causing diarrhea and extraintestinal E. coli causing a variety of infections including meningitis, septicemia and urinary tract infections (UTI’s), the latter being called uropathogenic E. coli strains responsible for urinary tract infections.
UTI is considered to be the most common infections in humans and serious health problem affecting millions of people each year and one of the most common infection in Syrian’s hospitals. The primary infection step of UTI’s by these strains is colonization, i.e., bacterial adherence is generally considered to be a pivotal step in the colonization of host urinary tract epithelium submitted to hydrodynamic flow forces, so that the bacteria can resist removal by urine flow. Bacterial adherence not only contributes to colonization, but also to invasion, biofilm formation, and host cell damage.
Various types of uropathogenic E. coli strains possessing different attachment mechanisms have been reported. Fully virulent uropathogenic E. coli causes symptomatic UTI’s, accompanied by acute inflammation with strong innate immune response and tissue damage. Less virulent strains establish asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) accompanied by an innate immune response too weak to cause symptoms.
While at CSEAS I will be studying the difference between uropathogenic E. coli strains isolated from symptomatic UTI’s and their well-characterized virulence factors and an (ABU) E. coli strain 83972. Past molecular characterization of the strains isolated from bacteriuria, a representative UTI, revealed the following virulence-associated factors: various types of fimbria necessary for attachment, formation of biofilm and production of Siderophore; uropathogenic E. coli strains differ from the commensal E. coli by possession and expression of these specific virulence factors involved in interaction with host tissues. So, characterization of E. coli 83972 for possible virulence factors and modification of this strain, if needed, will enable us to use E. coli 83972 as a basis for establishment of a novel strategy to prevent recurrent UTI’s in Syria, which at present is strongly suffering from an internal dispute, and to reduce the everlasting issue of random and uncontrolled use of antibiotics, therapeutic treatment, for which no alternative treatment method is established.
Kathrina MOHD DAUD
While at CSEAS, I will be working on a translation into English of Norsiah Gapar’s Pengabdian. Norsiah Gapar is one of the foremost Malay-language writers in Brunei Darussalam, and was the first female Bruneian writer to win the S.E.A Write Award in 2009. Pengabdian was her debut novel, and the winner of the first novel-writing competition organised by the National Language and Literature Bureau – it remains a staple of the national literature curriculum at the secondary and tertiary levels.
I will also be working on a project to understand and frame the production of contemporary Muslim literature in Southeast Asia, through its engagements with global as well as regional Muslim literature. While classical Muslim literature has been studied extensively, there is much less scholarship on contemporary global Muslim literature, and no comprehensive overview of contemporary Muslim literature in the Malay world in Southeast Asia. There has recently been increased focus on the Muslim Malay countries of Southeast Asia (Brunei, Malaysia, Indonesia) as emerging centers and offering national models for global Islamic civilization. As such, it is an opportune time to examine the cultural production of Islam in the region.
While at CSEAS I will work on two interrelated projects, the first of which is a series of short memoir-essays on life as a mother, a teacher and a human rights specialist in Thailand/Southeast Asia. Among other themes, these essays reflect on how the challenges of pursuing a more pluralistic, democratic Thailand has had an impact on both a personal and professional level. Assimilation, internationality and politics also figure into the second project, which looks at migration and higher education in ASEAN. High-skilled international labor on Southeast Asian campuses is valued by policy-makers, university leaders and students, as well by foreign academics. This research examines the gaps and conflicts that can and often do emerge over expectations about what and how foreigners should teach, what role (if any) they should have in shaping research agendas and whether foreign scholars can have a meaningful role in the host society more widely.
Peter Anthony JACKSON
While at CSEAS I will be studying how new spirit cults in Thailand that seek supernatural intervention to achieve success, wealth, and power have become increasingly popular among senior politicians, civilian and military bureaucrats, and also within royal circles. I am interested in the sociological processes that have seen these cults move from the socio-cultural margins to the centre of national religious life, where they have often been incorporated within state projects under the aegis of Theravada Buddhism. While the political influences of institutional religions in Southeast Asia – Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, and Hinduism – are well-established fields of research, the political significance of supernatural cults outside the major religions is less well understood. Drawing on cross-disciplinary insights from political science, history, anthropology, and religious studies I hope to shed some light on why modernity in 21st century Thailand is producing forms of supernatural “enchantment” that are increasingly central to the exercise of political authority.
Meredith Leigh Weiss
Malaysia: Politics & Society
I am currently working on two projects: completing a book manuscript on the resilience of the current regimes in Malaysia and Singapore, and a broader inquiry into the nature of Malaysia’s state and civil society. Both these projects draw on qualitative research—mostly interviews, observation, archives, and both primary- and secondary-source documents—and take an interdisciplinary, historical approach. Moving beyond the usual narratives of Malaysia’s communal politics and strong, centralized state, both projects highlight themes of developmentalism and its implications, forms of political participation and contention, and processes of social and political change. I hope this research will add to our understanding of the workings of the distinctive and perennially interesting Malaysian polity.
The Social Implications of Studying Abhidhamma in Contemporary Myanmar
At CSEAS, Kyoto University, I will conduct a research project to study Abhidhamma, Buddhist Philosophy, and its social implication in contemporary Myanmar Society. In Myanmar’s traditions, there are Buddhist social activities carried out every full moon day of each
month. The full moon day of the seventh month of Myanmar calendar is called Abhidhamma Day and Myanmar Buddhists celebrate “respect and
forgiveness day.” Nowadays, the significant feature of contemporary Myanmar is “political change” and democratization. Through this
process, social, economic, and conceptual change in Myanmar society is a strong influence. My assumption is that some persons apply their
knowledge of Abhidhamma in their problem solving, in terms of friendships, leadership, and of their philosophical attitudes.
Christine Anne PADOCH
Human mobility has recently been in the international spotlight, as high-volume refugee flows dominate the news. Migration is of course not a new phenomenon in Southeast Asia. While at Kyoto I will pursue a transdisciplinary approach to the study of patterns of mobility, both now and in times past, in the Malaysian state of Sarawak. The research has two specific foci, both of which would serve to update earlier understanding of mobility especially among the Iban. One focus will be upon the fate of one village that was forced to migrate due to the construction of a hydroelectric dam at the town of Lubok Antu in the 1980s. A second focus will be on traditional and new forms of wage-labor migration or “bejalai”. Both will bring historical information, including previously unpublished ethnographic data, to bear on present forms of human mobility and demographic change.
Kevin John HEWISON
Cold War Alliances: The U.S., Counterinsurgency and the Making of the Modern Monarchy
The study of the monarchy role in Thailand’s politics has grown in significance in recent years, with several books and articles appearing and a constant stream of media commentary, much of it associated with the question of succession. Yet there has been less attention to the relationship between Cold War, the political rise of the monarchy and the path of domestic politics. Because of censorship, research in Thailand on this intersection of monarchy, counterinsurgency and the US alliance in Thailand has been all but impossible. This period of research at CSEAS permitted a detailed assessment of US official and semi-official sources at the State Department, Presidential libraries, RAND and the CIA. In fact, a few days after my arrival in Kyoto, the CIA released millions of documents, meaning that I was able to assess the thousands of these relevant to Thailand, from the mid-1940s to the mid-1980s, as well as read and assess a range of published materials. As a result of this all-too-short research period, I was able to make three presentations that reflected on the monarchy, counterinsurgency and succession at CSEAS and GRIPS in Tokyo.
Prof. Weera Ostapirat is currently carrying out a joint-project at CSEAS with Prof. Nathan Badenoch on the ‘Linguistic past and present of the Palaung people of the Myanmar-China border area’. The primary output of the project will be a volume co-edited with Prof. Badenoch, tentatively titled Exploring the Diversity of the Palaung Languages. This publication will bring together a collection of research papers, including a paper co-authored with Prof. Badenoch, and a large compilation of new data on Palaung languages spoken in Thailand, Myanmar and China.
The CSEAS library contains various collection of books, some of which are special collections that cover South East Asia and Dutch collections. Speaking about my research in CSEAS, so far I have managed several catalogues of the late Prof. T. Igarashi collections. It is an honor for me to be personally acquainted with the collections. The collections that I’ve been managed are mostly journals, magazines and personal works. The special collections contains various languages from Bahasa Indonesia-Jawi-Basa Sunda to Dutch.
Whilst I have been going through Prof. Igarashi collections, I have covered various areas dealing with agriculture, economic development, politics in the colonial period, the revolution, and pre- and post of Indonesian independence.
At last, it such an honor for me to have been given the great opportunity to experience CSEAS’s professional working environment. It is my hope that I will learn from and contribute more to CSEAS in the future.
Aung Naing Oo
Food security and socio-economic impacts of soil salinization in the central Myanmar: A case study
Central Myanmar is known as a Dry Zone due to its physical characteristics such as low annual precipitation, uneven distribution patterns, significant high temperatures and low relative humidity. In Htein Kan Gyi village in Myittha Township, Mandalay Division, more than 700 acres of land is salt-affected due to the water logging due to the main canal system of the Kinda Dam. As a result of this, soil salinity has been one of the most important issues for local farmers who live in this village. Decreasing soil productivity caused by salinization has led to social tension, unemployment and reduced incomes for all households. This research at CSEAS will survey the impacts of soil salinity on crop production, food security and socio-economic conditions of this village.
Wan Abdul Manan
While at CSEAS, I was able to review literature and secondary data on obesity in Malaysia and Thailand in relation to food habits, lifestyle and ethnicity, with a particular focus on the Malay population in Southern Thailand and Malaysia. I was also able to compile literature on the prevalence of obesity in Malaysia and Thailand from journals, survey reports, and government documents. The sojourn also afforded me the opportunity to visit South Thailand to discuss collaborations with academics, researchers and doctors in Prince of Songkla University (Pattani and Hatyai campuses) and the Ministry of Public Health, Southern Branch, Pattani. My stay also allowed me to study about the Japanese School Lunch Program, to see if it can be adopted in Malaysia as part of long term measures to combat obesity in children and adults in the future. I visited and observed school lunch preparation in a primary school in Sanda City, Kobe and visited the Museum on Japanese School Lunch Program in Saitama Prefecture.
1. “Imagining World-Class ASEAN Universities: Derailed Past and Future Roadmap?” Field Medical Workshop among Thailand, Malaysia and Japan, March 29th, 2017
2. “Nutrition Transition in Malaysia: Deconstructing the Hunger-Obesity Paradox”, CSEAS Colloquium, June 22nd, 2017
3. “Erosion of the Academic Dogma in Malaysian Universities: Drifting in the Abyss of World-Class Quest, “ CSEAS Special Seminar, July 3, 2017
TAYLOR Robert Henry
The Comparative Study of the Military in Southeast Asian Politics
The study of the role of the military in Southeast Asian politics has been a topic of interest to students of the region since the early days of the Cold War. Now, in the post-Cold War period, emphasis has switched to the study of ‘democratisation’ but the military is still present and no successful transition to a civilian constitutional order is possible without the cooperation of a state’s army. During my time at Kyoto I studied much of the new literature on this topic, particularly in regard to Indonesia and the Philippines about which I was less familiar than that on Myanmar and Thailand. The resources of the Centre’s and the University’s libraries were essential to cover such an extensive literature expeditiously. As a consequence, I was able to make presentation on this topic to seminars in Hiroshima, Osaka, and at CSEAS as well as give a talk on the study of Myanmar politics since the 1950s in Tokyo.