Kyoto University Asian Economic Development Seminar FY2021

Date&Time: November 4, 2021, Thursday, 16:45-18:15 (JST)

Language: Japanese

Venue: Zoom Web Seminar

Speaker: Toshiaki Aizawa (Waseda Institute for Advanced Study, WIAS)


Title: Does the Conditional Maternal Benefit Programme Improve Infant Mortality in India?

Abstract: India introduced the conditional maternity benefit programme, Indira Gandhi Matriya Sahayog Yojana (IGMSY), to provide cash directly to pregnant and lactating women contingent on specified maternal and infant healthcare uses. This study estimates the impact of this programme on infant mortality for the first 12 months after birth, exploiting the pilot phase of IGMSY as a natural experiment. In the matched-pair difference-in-differences framework, the treatment effect on survival rate is estimated through the random survival forest approach. The results show that IGMSY reduced the infant mortality rate by 8.28% in treatment districts, with 1.70 fewer deaths per 1,000 live infants.


Contact: Tomohiro Machikita (