Liberalism and the Postcolony | Center for Southeast Asian Studies Kyoto University

Kyoto CSEAS Series on Asian Studies

Liberalism and the PostcolonyThinking the State in 20th Century Philippines

Lisandro E. Claudio
March 2017
Kyoto University Press & NUS Press

The Philippines entered the twentieth century newly free of Spanish rule and faced with the task of building a nation. Due in part to American control of the country for the first half of the twentieth century, liberalism played a dynamic role in shaping the government and philosophy of the Philippines.

Through the biographies of four Filipino scholar-bureaucrats—Camilo Osias, Salvador Araneta, Carlos P. Romulo, and Salvador P. Lopez—Lisandro E. Claudio argues that liberal thought served as the grammar of Filipino democracy in the twentieth century. Melding political philosophy and narrative history, he takes us through various articulations of liberalism in pedagogy, international affairs, economics, and literature. In this first book on Filipino liberals in the twentieth century, Claudio brings to light an obscured history of the Philippine state and also argues for a new liberalism rooted in the postcolonial experience, a timely intervention in light of the ascent of President Rodrigo Duterte and the current developments in Southeast Asian politics.


Introduction Liberalism Askance
Chapter 1 Camilo Osias and the Nationalist International
Chapter 2 Salvador Araneta and the Filipino New Deal
Chapter 3 Carlos P. Romulo and the Anti-communist Third World
Chapter 4 Salvador P. Lopez and the Space of Liberty
Conclusion Postcolonial Liberalism, a Global Idea
Afterword A Fifth Liberal