Lopez, Mario Ivan

Lopez, Mario Ivan
Research Departments・Position
Global Humanosphere
Associate Professor
Cultural Anthropology, Southeast Asian Studies, Migration Studies, Indicators Research
Research Interests / Keywords
・Humanosphere Potentiality Index Research
・Transnational Migration and Care in Super-aging societies

Lopez, Mario Ivan

Humanosphere Potentiality Index Research

Since 2007, researchers at CSEAS and other Japanese universities have worked on developing the Humanosphere Potentiality Index (HPI). The index addresses the co-existence of environmental sustainability and the welfare of human beings, based on an analytical framework named the humanosphere and demonstrates the significance of tropical countries for global sustainability. This led to the development of a publicly accessible online database. At present, I work with a group of researchers based in Kyoto university and other Japanese universities, through a scaling down analysis to focus on Monsoon Asia. It is hoped that this will produce a detailed comparative empirical study through a focus on India, the Philippines, Japan and Ethiopia. This research will offer a deeper breakdown of environmental sustainability within nations and present a richer and more dynamic approach to employ across others.

Transnational Migration and Care in Super-aging societies

I have continued to work on a project examing the transnational flow of nurses and care workers from the Asia Pacific region to others in response to the demand for care workers and nurses in and for rapidly aging societies. I have worked on a comparative project comparing regional nursing systems as part of an effort to provide a policy response to reformulating the Japanese government’s current mechanism for accepting nurses and care givers from Southeast Asia. This has worked toward offering policy suggestions to Japanese ministries involved in managing care-workers and nurses accepted from the Philippines, Indonesia and other nations. In order to provide examples for creating a more flexible inter-regional “win-win” scheme in managing the flows of skilled labor, I have focused on Europe’s infrastructure for circulating skilled migrant labor on three levels. 1. On countries which are E.U. members and allow for the free movement of labor. 2. On countries which are in the E.U. but place restrictions depending on the political and market needs for skilled labor. 3. On countries which are outside of the E.U. but free to accept and send skilled labor both within the region and accept from outside of it.
Ultimately, based on observations of the regulatory mechanisms in place in the E.U., along with other research members, I hope to provide specific suggestions for the consideration of an ASEAN + Japan mechanism; one that can flexibly respond to the labor market’s needs for highly skilled health care personnel attuned to the current political and social conditions of Japan and the sending and receiving nations.